In 2011 (2010?) Oakland began the process of civilianizing (taking out of the hands of sworn police officers) the intake of complaints against the Police Department.

This has been a long and complicated process with lots of key players involved- Deanna Santana, Thomas Frazier, etc.

In 2015, the City Council made a motion reaffirming the movement of Internal Affairs to the CPRB.

Articles for Research

  • op-ed on civilianization by Rashida Grinage, 9/4/13
  • Frazier Report explaining why he didn't allow the new civilians to go into separate unit